Many people are confused by the political system in Saudi Arabia and their form of government as we can’t see many countries with much similar disciplines, law and constitution.
To understand how governmental systems work in The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, first it’s important to know what forms of government are available in the world and how each of them works.
Only after a brief understanding of the forms of government and how those systems works, we can understand well how Saudi Arabia’s political system works and why there is no need for elections.
Without further ado, let’s start to explore the explanation of the active forms of government.
Common Forms of Government Nowadays
First of all let’s make something clear, there are and has been a lot of different forms of government in history of the world, but exploring all of them are very time-consuming and meaningless as most of them are no longer active in recent days and many of them are quite similar.
So let’s explore only major and active forms of government.
Most popular form of government nowadays, democracy is a governmental system where people are in most control and they have high influence over government and leaders.
In this system, most authority figures including the leader – President is chosen by people via elections and others are chosen by government itself, with people’s preferences in mind.
In such system, people have a good power over the government and they are free to say and do whatever they want unless it insults someone. If people aren’t happy with the work of government, they can even request an early election to change government.
Very unwanted but still active system in some countries – dictatorship is a form of government where one individual has gotten all the powers (usually by force) and in control of everything and everyone.
In such system, regular people has little or no control over government, decisions or changes and they’re forced to accept what’s going on. Usually, to change such system is very hard for people and it’s required to assemble many people who will fight to change the leader by force.
Dictatorship was very common in early centuries but in modern world of peace it’s highly unwanted and blamed, so it’s hard for dictators to maintain their system and control.
Actually anarchy is more of temporary condition than a form of government but as it’s quite common and happens a lot, it’s worth a mention.
In this system, there isn’t one legal government or authority, instead there are some authorities fighting over who will come on top and become actual leading party or person. It’s usually common during civil wars and major political issues.
Much like dictatorship, totalitarianism is a form of government where authority has control over everything and everyone by force. The key difference is, totalitarianism is governed by the party or group of people than a single person.
In this system, people also have very little control and are forced to be under the control of government whether they like it or not.
Most common and popular form of government in early and middle centuries – monarchy is a system where a monarch is the leader of the country and has all or many rights.
There are two major different types of monarchy: Absolute and Constitute.
The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is using absolute monarchy where the monarch (the king) has all the rights and power over the whole country, the senior members of royal family also have some power but the major authority is the king.
In this system, new king is the legacy of the old king and he must have royal blood. There aren’t elections for the king or major authorities in government however people can choose minor leaders and mayors.
Constitute monarchy is quite similar to absolute monarchy, the main difference is – constitute monarch has less power and is limited by the constitution which he can’t easily change.
Saudi Arabia still hasn’t governmental system of absolute monarchy in a nutshell. Politics in Saudi is a bit different from basic absolute monarchy.
In Saudi Arabia, religion is very important for every citizen whether it’s the member of royal family or regular citizen, so the religious authorities have high influence on the government and they are involved in key decision.
Basically, political system in Saudi Arabia is complex and involves many people however the king has the most power and makes all the decisions, but consults with royal family sensors and religious authorities.